By Alan Megahey
While Peterhouse opened in 1955, the British Empire in Africa was once nonetheless intact and the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland - with its excessive hopes and fears - had simply come into being. It was once a boarding university based at the British version, yet to ensure that it can 'adapt all that's most sensible within the Public institution culture to African conditions'.For 50 years, in Rhodesia after which in Zimbabwe, its governors and employees have tried to do this, and feature noticeable it develop from a boys' university of 350 to a bunch of faculties instructing over 1000 boys and girls.But the tale of Peterhouse isn't just approximately paintings and activity, song and drama, chapel, construction advancements and syllabus alterations. it truly is set within the context of academic improvement and political swap in a Southern African country.This background of the college exhibits the way it grew to become a pioneering multi-racial establishment in 'white Rhodesia'; shared the sufferings of the rustic throughout the 'bush war'; multiplied tremendously within the new Zimbabwe, survived the contradictions of a black 'Marxist' govt, and has saved its company dedication to being a 'Church School'.
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Extra info for A School in Africa: Peterhouse and Education in Rhodesia and Zimbabwe
C. Todd, was a Scot. In 1896 he had brought the term 'Rector' from his homeland, where it was - and is - widely used to denote the head of an institution. Todd intended that the Rector should always be in holy orders, but this was changed at Michaelhouse in 1910. 65 The title 'Rector' (from the Latin regere, 'to rule') has in fact a long history within Christendom. Seminaries, colleges and universities in Europe and beyond are often headed by a Rector. The head of the University of Louvain, in Belgium, rejoices in the even more grandiose title, 'Rector magnificus'.
He wrote that although the founders wanted a traditional public school, they believed 'that there is much in the system practised at Gordonstoun school which is suitable for the colony'. In addition, 'it is hoped to acquire land suitable for farming and forestry with the school, and the boys will be integrated with the land'. 54 There is little doubt that we can see the hand of Hugh Hodgkinson in all this. Gordonstoun, in the remote north of Scotland, was founded by Kurt Hahn. 'Enthusiasm as the tonic for listless 25 A S C H O O L IN A F R I C A adolescents; team-work to harness the individual; dedication in service to the community' - these were his ideals, but in addition, 'this prophet from Germany had flung open the windows of classrooms and dormitories and pointed to the mountains and sea, where the human spirit could learn its limitations and, with practice, master them'.
61 It wasn't until August that the problem of governance was tackled, with Fred offering the Michaelhouse constitution as a basis for discussion. But in October, Humphrey Gibbs delivered something of a bombshell. He told Snell that he had recently met Ellis Robins, who was adamant that 'unless Peterhouse comes under the Ruzawi Board of Governors, there is no chance at all of raising the necessary capital'. 63 Fred responded in an equally conciliatory tone, but concluded that there could be no final decisions on the constitution until he reached Marandellas; his own diary for November and December was understandably stuffed full of leaving functions, dinners and speeches.