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By Ian Shaw

This e-book examines the basic facts for lots of assorted features of swap and evolution in historic Egyptian know-how. It comprises dialogue of the broader cognitive and social contexts, reminiscent of the Egyptian propensity for psychological creativity and innovation, and the speed of switch in Egypt compared to different African, Mediterranean and close to jap states.

This ebook attracts not just on conventional archaeological and textual resources but additionally at the result of clinical analyses of historical fabrics and on experimental and ethno-archaeological details. Case-studies examine these elements of Egyptian society that made it both predisposed or actively against particular types of conservatism or innovation in fabric tradition, comparable to the thoughts of stone-working, medication, mummification and enormous development. The ebook additionally comprises certain dialogue of the ways that the perform and improvement of Egyptian know-how interrelated with past due Bronze Age city society as a complete, utilizing the town at Amarna as a case-study.

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8) on the corners of Mastaba 17 at Meidum. He found four L-shaped mud-brick walls constructed below ground level at the corners of the monument, each serving as a means of checking the mastaba’s slope: the mud-brick walls effectively allowed the architects to first create a zero-line (given the unevenness of the ground on which the mastaba was built), and then draw lines on the walls that showed projections of the correct slope. Rossi (2004: 191-2) points out how this basic set of diagrams ultimately allowed the architects to enlarge the mastaba while maintaining the same slope: ‘At some point, two other lines were drawn parallel to the first pair, and the mastaba was enlarged by the short distance between them.

The truth of art keeps science from becoming inhuman, and the truth of science keeps art from becoming ridiculous (Raymond Chandler, 19 February 1938; published as Chandler 1976: 7). Problems in interpreting ancient medical systems and texts This chapter examines the fields of medicine, magic and pharmacy in ancient Egypt, and explores the degree to which a single area of Egyptian technical ability and thought incorporated several aspects of culture that would appear, to modern eyes, to be incompatible – science, religion and magic.

Since new technologies are usually created or adopted in order to solve particular problems or to enhance existing equipment and expertise, we must ask: for what purpose was the Egyptian hieroglyphic script initially used? While there has been general agreement for some time that the Mesopotamian cuneiform system was developed primarily as an accounting and administrative tool (and this is simply reinforced by SchmandtBesserat’s demonstration of the possible links between early tokens and the emerging cuneiform signs, even if this only constitutes functional rather than evolutionary overlap), there has been less consensus on the initial roles played by other writing systems, such as those used by the Egyptians and the early Chinese.

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