By Robert B. Jackson
While Egypt turned a province of the Roman Empire in 30 BC after the deaths of Antony and Cleopatra, its colossal and mysterious frontier lands had a massive influence at the trade, politics and tradition of the empire. This account - half heritage and half gazetteer -focuses on Rome's Egyptian frontier, describing the traditional fortresses, temples, settlements, quarries and aqueducts scattered during the quarter and conveying a feeling of what lifestyles was once like for its population. Robert Jackson has journeyed, by way of jeep and walking, to nearly each identified Roman web site within the region, from Siwa Oasis, forty five kilometers from the fashionable Libyan border, to the Sudan. Drawing on either archaeological and ancient details, he discusses those websites, explaining how Rome extracted unique stone and helpful metals from the mountains of the japanese barren region, channelled the wealth of India and East Africa in the course of the desolate tract through ports at the purple Sea, developed and manned fortresses within the far away oases of the Western barren region, and facilitated the growth of agricultural groups within the wasteland that finally skilled the earliest large-scale conversions to Christianity in Egypt. Illustrated with many images, the quantity will be important to archaeologists, classicists, and travelers to the area.
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Additional resources for At Empire's Edge: Exploring Rome's Egyptian Frontier
D. 1 Like all Roman sites in the Eastern Desert, the settlement was partly a military station, but the imperial government established it primarily to maintain and protect the valuable granite quarries. During the approximately 150 years the settlement was occupied, the Romans modiQed and expanded its conQguration numerous times according to the needs of a particular period. The prominent animal lines and storage area on the west side of the settlement, for example, were added during the latest periods of occupation.
Looking at the landscape today, one Qnds it di The Romans placed great importance on maintaining an adequate water supply at Mons Claudianus because it was necessary not only to sustain life, but also—at least for the most privileged individuals at the settlement—to allow for a comfortable life. The scarcity of water did not prevent the Romans from going to considerable trouble to provide themselves with proper bathing facilities. The baths lie just outside the castellum gate, on the west side of the street leading to the temple. The Qrst large room, known as the apodyterium, measures approximately 8 meters by 13 meters and was probably open to the sky.
The Romans placed great importance on maintaining an adequate water supply at Mons Claudianus because it was necessary not only to sustain life, but also—at least for the most privileged individuals at the settlement—to allow for a comfortable life. The scarcity of water did not prevent the Romans from going to considerable trouble to provide themselves with proper bathing facilities. The baths lie just outside the castellum gate, on the west side of the street leading to the temple. The Qrst large room, known as the apodyterium, measures approximately 8 meters by 13 meters and was probably open to the sky.