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By F. S. Bodenheimer (auth.), A. Keast, R. L. Crocker, C. S. Christian (eds.)

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Organic matter gradually decreased from surface. High moor peat Highly acid, predominantly organic; chemically very poor; resistant to microbial decomposition after draining. May be several feet thick or quite thin (Tasmania and Victoria). Vegetation Zones (Fig. 1, Chapter XVI) The characteristics of the major vegetation associations occurring on the Australian continent are set out in Table II. The dominant species comprising them are discussed by STEWART (Chapter XIX). It will be seen that Australia has a wide range of vegetation associations.

Vegetation of Australia. The Australian Environment 77. , Melbourne. III ECOLOGY OF PRIMITIVE ABORIGINAL MAN IN AUSTRALIA by NORMAN B. TINDALE (Curator of Anthropology, South Australian Museum, Adelaide) This chapter is concerned with the nature and distribution of the aboriginal peoples of Australia and sets out some of the peculiar problems faced in understanding their dispersion and status. Unlike the generality of mammals and plants discussed elsewhere in this book, man and his attendant dog are not part of the indigenous fauna of Australia but came here from Asia in very late geologic time.

Some of the post climax rain forests rna y have been destroyed in favour of invading sclerophyll, as the effects of his firestick were added to the effects of changing climate in Early Recent time. HERBERT (1938) describes how the Araucaria pine-seed gathering 43 aborigines altered the rain forests of parts of the Bunya Mountains into upland savannahs by their continual use of firesticks. Perhaps in the same way American Indian hunters created the so called "balds" of grassland I have seen on the otherwise densely wooded summits of the Great Smoky Mountains in Tennessee.

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