By Irving J. Dunn, Elmar Heinzle, Jiri E. Prenosil, John Ingham
This can be a monograph on organic response engineering, meant for these concerned about biotechnology, chemical undefined, and technical chemistry. It offers info had to research the behavour of complicated reactors utilizing mathematical equations and a dynamic simulation machine language. half 1 treats the basics of modelling (mass stability equations related to response kinetics and mass-transfer rates), making them without difficulty comprehensible to these new within the box. half 2 supplies forty five instance difficulties, whole with types and courses. The textbook additionally incorporates a diskette with a advertisement simulation language, which might be run on any DOS computer.
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Additional resources for Biological Reaction Engineering
Pigment dust/air mixture 30 Fig. 1-30. Pigment dust/air mixture, ignited Fig. 1-31. 3 Explosion Pressure - Violence of Explosion 31 This standard ignition delay time also corresponds to a certain degree of turbulence of the dust/air mixture at the moment of ignition. Comprehensive explosion tests with plant equipment indicate that this degree of turbulence corresponds roughly to operating conditions within grinders, filter housings, spray driers or similar equipment. This dust testing procedure permits to create fairly homogeneous dust/air mixtures - even within large enclosures - and ensures that the course of test explosions is reproducible (see photographs Figs 1-29 to 1-3 I).
At open end and in most cases, oscillations are superimposed on the movement of the flame.
1-48. Minimum ignition energy vs dust concentration that - as was observed with flammable gases and solvent vapours - the minimum ignition energy of a dust depends to a high degree on its concentration and that there is, for each dust, a most easily ignitable concentration. e. the concentration giving highest values for maximum explosion pressure or maximum rate of pressure rise . However, it can be calculated from "optimum concentrations" with sufficient accuracy by means of the following equation which was confirmed experimentally for numerous dusts in the 1 m 3 explosion chamber: CEM, min = I C Pmax - (C(dp/dt)max - CPmax ) I CE M,min = most easily ignitable dust concentration C Pmax = concentration leading to the maximum explosion pressure C(dp/dt)max = concentration for optimum explosion violence.