By J. Newsinger
British Counterinsurgency examines the insurgencies that experience faced the British nation because the finish of the second one international struggle, and on the equipment used to struggle them. It appears on the guerrilla campaigns in Palestine, Malaya, Kenya, Cyprus, South Yemen, Oman, and so much lately in Northern eire, and considers the explanations for British luck or failure in suppressing them. It offers a hard-nosed account of the realities of counterinsurgency as practised by means of the main skilled defense institution on the planet at the present time.
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Additional info for British Counterinsurgency: From Palestine to Northern Ireland
The security forces were still fighting blind, without effective intelligence. On 1 March the IZL carried out 16 separate attacks that left 20 soldiers dead and another 30 wounded. The most serious was a daylight raid on the officers’ club in Jerusalem in which 12 soldiers were killed. The following day, the new GOC Palestine, Lieutenant General Gordon MacMilland, put into effect Operation Elephant and imposed martial law on Tel Aviv and the Jewish districts of Jerusalem. This was something the army had long demanded and planned for.
There were mass arrests. By the end of the day 2718 people had been detained, including four members of the Agency executive. The searches of the various settlements met with resistance in which four Jews were killed and many others injured. Altogether 33 arms caches were discovered, containing nearly 600 weapons, half a million rounds of ammunition and a quarter of a ton of explosives. This apparent success was misleading. The overwhelming weight of the army’s searches fell on the Haganah, the most open and vulnerable of the At War with Zion 21 Zionist armed formations.
20 The Cold War interpretation of the eventual outbreak of Communist insurrection in Malaya in 1948 was that the MCP had been ordered to revolt by Moscow and was faithfully following orders. It was believed The Running Dog War: Malaya 39 that these instructions had been transmitted via a conference held in Calcutta in February 1948 and that subsequently the Malay, Indonesian, Burmese and Filipino Communists had all taken up arms. This interpretation is now completely discredited. While it is recognised that at this time relations between the Soviet Union and the United States and its allies were deteriorating, the increase in international tension is seen as only part of the context in which national party leaderships took their decisions rather than the sole determinant.