By Vitaly Gitis, Gadi Rothenberg
This textbook offers a transparent and coherent evaluate of ceramic membranes, from practise tools all of the approach to purposes and economics. The authors, who're recognized for his or her transparent writing type, mix their services in environmental engineering and porous fabrics to hide quite a lot of examples, with over one thousand references. Chapters 1, 2 and three provide an in depth advent to membrane synthesis, shipping mechanisms, and characterisation. construction in this, bankruptcy four outlines the state of the art in ceramic membrane purposes, together with gasoline cells, water purification, gasoline separation, and the making of cheeses, fruit juice, wine and beer. the ultimate bankruptcy bargains with the economics of ceramic membrane procedures, utilizing business case reports to envision marketplace limitations and opportunities.
Ceramics are identified all through heritage, yet now, after millions of years, they´re coming round again. certainly, they could carry the foremost for addressing 3 of today´s greatest demanding situations: fresh strength, ingesting water and pollution. This ebook is a must have for somebody who desires to input the ceramic membranes box, or maintain updated with the newest advancements and applications.
Read Online or Download Ceramic Membranes: New Opportunities and Practical Applications PDF
Best industrial & technical books
In vielen Fachgebieten, wie z. B. der Lebensmittelchemie, der pharmazeutischen oder biotechnologischen Industrie fallen immer mehr Daten an, die ausgewertet werden m? ssen. Klassische Verfahren gelangen hierbei schnell an ihre Grenzen. Die multivariate Datenanalyse besch? ftigt sich mit Verfahren, mit denen guy aus einer F?
Content material: Enzymes for fuels and chemical feedstocks / ok. Grohmann and Michael E. Himmel -- Enzymes in pulp and paper processing / L. Viikari, A. Kantelinen, M. Rättö, and J. Sundquist -- Enzymes for anaerobic municipal strong waste disposal / Christopher J. Rivard, William S. Adney, and Michael E. Himmel -- Thermostable saccharidases : new resources, makes use of, and biodesigns / J.
- Toxikologie: Grundlagen Der Toxikologie Band 1 (German Edition)
- Pesticides are poison
- Biobased and environmental benign coatings
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
- Coatings Tribology Properties Mechanisms Techniques and Applications in
- Thermochemical Data of Pure Substances, Third Edition
Additional resources for Ceramic Membranes: New Opportunities and Practical Applications
7 Ceramic versus Polymer Membranes Although ceramic membranes have been known for centuries while polymer ones are relative newcomers, the latter are dominating the market. There are three good reasons for this, namely money, money and money (typically, ceramic membranes cost three to ﬁve times as much as polymer ones). Rough estimates are considering the material cost of US$2000/m2 of ceramic membrane versus US$400/m2 of a polymer one . Accounting for higher ﬂuxes and longer lifetimes of ceramic membranes, the difference becomes less dramatic: $60 versus $20 per unit of per meate volume, but still signiﬁcant.
The prepared titanium nanoﬁ bres, rods and surfaces fall under the deﬁnition of membranes mainly because these structures are porous and a ﬂuid can pass through them. Conversely, the self-standing titania membranes suffer from poor structural stability . They cannot be assembled into a module. When they are used, for example in catalytic reactions, they are suspended as particles in the reactor. The coating of supports with a titania layer is mainly performed via the sol–gel method, similar to silica coating.
Is good chemical and thermal stability. Alumina and silica are considered more thermally stable [82,83], whereas anatase titania and zirconia have a limited ther mal stability due to their relatively low phase transition temperature . 12 shows the relative resistance of various ceramic materials to acids and bases. Generally, the more acidic a ceramic is, the greater is its resistance towards acids, and vice versa with bases. If the ceramic material is more base resistant, it is more prone to acidic attacks.