By Ibrahim Elnur
Since gaining independence in 1956, Sudan has continued a background, together with the longest civil struggle in African heritage in Southern Sudan and more moderen conflicts similar to the humanitarian trouble in Darfur. This ebook explores this background of resulting clash, reading why Sudan didn't maintain a winning sleek post-colonial kingdom. The publication is going directly to examine intimately a number of the makes an attempt to finish Sudan’s conflicts and begin political and financial reconstruction, together with the failure which the Addis Ababa contract of 1982 and the newer efforts following the Nivasha contract of 2005 which ended the civil warfare within the south. It significantly examines how reconstruction has been expected and the function of a number of the significant gamers within the procedure: together with donors, NGOs, ex-combatants and the vital country authority. It argues that reconstruction can simply prevail if it takes into consideration the basic and irreversible modifications of society engendered by way of struggle and clash, which in terms of Sudan comprises the large rural to city inhabitants flows skilled in the course of the years of battle. It compares attainable destiny situations for Sudan, and considers how the hindrances to profitable post-conflict reconstruction may perhaps most sensible be triumph over. total, this e-book won't basically be of curiosity to students of Sudan and local experts, yet to all social scientists drawn to the dynamics of post-conflict reconstruction and state-building.
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Extra info for Contested Sudan: The Political Economy of War and Reconstruction
Going beyond structuralist pessimism and functionalist optimism, the transformation potential offers an alternative framework that leaves open the direction of such transformation. The direction of such transformation is shaped by a multiplicity of factors where both structures and agency matter within the spatial and historical specificity. The intensity and time-compressing nature of technical change tend to support the transformative potential thesis. The direction of such transformation, as was repeatedly stressed, is not readily deducible.
Protracted social conflicts exhibit rather unique characteristics. Most of these characteristics are related to the relatively longer duration of war, greater involvement of people and institutions and, consequently, greater impact on the shaping of the post-war economy and society. One important manifestation of War and the transformative potential 29 greater involvement of people in protracted social conflicts is reflected in the associated increase in civilian casualities. While in World War I only 5 percent of war casualities were among civilians, by World War II this percentage increased to 50 percent.
225) rightly noted: ‘Political theories of civil war are especially relevant to the analysis of postwar peacebuilding. As economic theories find that the war onset and termination are quite different processes, analysts interested in post-conflict peace must try to understand both the root causes of conflict that drive and intensify conflict after its initiation. Many of these factors and processes are political, such as war-related hostility, institutional failure, loss of government legitimacy, and intensification of previously existing cleavages.