By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
Cognitive Linguistics, the department of linguistics that attempts to ''make one's account of human language accord with what's normally identified in regards to the brain and the brain,'' has develop into the most flourishing fields of latest linguistics. The chapters handle many vintage themes of Cognitive Linguistics. those issues comprise reports at the semantics of particular phrases (including polysemy and synonymy) in addition to semantic features of specific syntactic styles / structures (including constructional synonymy and the schematicity of constructions), the research of causatives, transitivity, and image-schematic facets of posture verbs.
the most important attribute of this quantity is that every one papers undertake the methodological point of view of Corpus Linguistics, the quickly evolving department of linguistics according to the automatic research of language utilized in real settings. hence, the contributions don't simply all offer numerous new insights of their respective fields, in addition they introduce new information in addition to new corpus-based and quantitative tools of study. at the foundation in their findings, the authors speak about either theoretical implications going well past the singular subject matters of the reviews and exhibit how the self-discipline of Cognitive Linguistics can enjoy the rigorous research of naturally-occurring language. The languages that are investigated are English, German, Dutch, and Russian, and the information come from a number of various corpora. As such, the current quantity might be of curiosity to a variety of students with many various foci and pursuits and may pave the best way for additional integration of usage-based suggestions of research inside of this fascinating paradigm.
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Extra info for Corpora in Cognitive Linguistics: Corpus-Based Approaches to Syntax and Lexis
Gries [this volume] for a comparable approach and an overview of previous standards). The principal method of investigation applied in this third section of the case study aims at extracting clues from all elements present in the sentences in which these five 34 Dagmar Divjak Intentional verbs are used so as to infer different meaning facets of the verbs. 1. Data, parameters and method The source of data is the sixteen-million-word section of the Amsterdam corpus (Barentsen 1999) made up of literary works, originally written in Russian during the 20th century by 100 different authors.
G. time, manner, purpose, condition among others, that can hold between a main clause event and a subordinate clause event than hesitant intentions that are closed to observation. The preference of sobirat’sja ‘intend, be about’ for occurring in subordinate clauses makes the verb resemble namerevat’sja ‘intend, mean’. The latter verb occurs more specifically in gerundive constructions (19) that relate the intention to carry out a controllable action to the situation expressed in the main clause with respect to time, cause, condition, reason etc.
The experiment was conducted over a period of three months in the form of a weekly interview during which each native speaker was presented with approximately 25 verbs. Several measures were taken to minimize the obvious negative effects of this set-up. Native speakers were asked both to judge ready-made sentences and to form sentences using particular constructional devices; these sentences were on a later occasion presented to the participant who had constructed them as well as to other participants.