By David Nicolle
Crusader castles and different fortifications in Cyprus, the south-western coast of Turkey, and Greece are the most effective examples of overdue medieval army structure to be obvious in Europe. those vital fortifications, erected by way of the Hospitallers throughout the fifteenth century to stand the transforming into Ottoman Turkish danger, fluctuate significantly from these within the center East. regardless of there being many seen is still of fortifications in Cyprus, Greece, and the Aegean, few reports exist of those parts in comparison to the fortifications of the Holy Land.
Providing a variety of architectural plans, maps, and colour illustrations, this ebook seeks to redress this imbalance and supplement the former bestselling remedies of Crusader fortifications within the citadel sequence.
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Extra resources for Crusader Castles in Cyprus, Greece and the Aegean 1191-1571 (Fortress, Volume 59)
Author’s photograph) for Jewish travellers, and a hospital dedicated to St Iohannes looked after sick pilgrims and merchants. Although Methoni was of only secondary importance, considerable efforts were made to keep its harbour operational. However, the mole was often damaged by storms, and this impressive structure could not entirely protect ships from severe weather. One 15th-century map called the Parma Magliabecchi recommended that only small craft anchor inside the mole, and in 1477 a Venetian admiral and the castellan of Methoni jointly reported that, due to the previous winter’s storms, the port was so silted up that even shallow-draught war-galleys could not enter.
These enabled local peasants to store their corn, wine, and oil in safety before all such stores were brought into Korone during November. The account of a pilgrimage to the Holy Land supposedly made by Arnold von Harff in 1496–99 is sometimes dismissed as a fable, but its German author clearly drew upon travellers’ observations even if he never went on pilgrimage himself. In his description of Methoni he stated: This town of Modon is very strong. It is subject to the Venetians, and the land belonging to it is called Morea, which lies near to Turkey (the territory of the Turkish Ottoman Sultan) … I found there a German master-gunner called Peter Bombadere, who gave me good company and friendship.
In both areas there was a strong interest in the history of the Crusades as well as Arthurian legends and ancient Greek myths, particularly those concerning battles against the Amazons. On the other UK Text (SW) 35 JOB:E10-91652 TITLE:FOR 59 175# DTP:39 PAGE:35 001_064_91652(39) 11/1/06 8:28 AM Page 36 Decorating the Great Hall of Kadmeia castle at Thebes, late 13th century The Kadmeia fortress or castle at Thebes was built between 1258 and 1280 for Nicholas II de St Omer. Most of this castle has been destroyed, including the famous hall, which was originally decorated with wall paintings illustrating the conquest of Syria by the First Crusade.