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By Rene Descartes

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Benson. Benson married Sidgwick's sister in 1859, and after some years as Headmaster of a new school founded under royal patronage for the sons of army officers, went on to high ecclesiastical preferment, becoming eventually the Archbishop of Canterbury, He was a powerful and domineering man of deeply religious but non-sectarian temper, a 'moderate High Churchman' with 'no leanings to Puseyism nor , , . 8 Benson's sermons at the school he later headed suggest that he taught the boys a highly moralistic version of Christianity;9 but it seems clear that neither he nor Goulburn's Rugby did much to prepare them to cope with modern challenges to orthodox faith.

Sidgwick was always active in a number of associations of an academic or a charitable nature, and he served on several governmental commissions of inquiry. The main concern of Ms later years, apart from his teaching and writing, was the Society for Psychical Research. It was founded in 1882, with Sidgwick as its first president. He served many years in that office, directing, with his wife, many of its projects, participating in numerous investigations of mediums, and giving generously of time and money to the work of the group.

The moral sciences tripos was established in 1848 at the same time a» the natural sciences tripos, but both led only to honours, not to a degree: a degree had first to be earned in classics or mathematics. Not until 1860 coald a degree be earned in moral sciences alone. In 1867 history and jurisprudence were dropped from, and political philosophy added to, the moral ieienccs. The tripos was held in low repute until, during the 1870*, several brilliant wen graduated with honour® in it and moved into desirable fellowships.

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