By Douglas Valentine
This is often an Authors Guild/BIP identify. Please use Authors Guild/BIP specifications. "An vital work."John Prados, writer of President's mystery Wars"This definitive account of the Phoenix software, the U.S. try to smash the Viet Cong via torture and precis execution, is still sobering examining for all these attempting to comprehend the Vietnam warfare and the ethical ambiguities of Americas chilly conflict victory. although conscientiously documented, the ebook is written in an obtainable variety that makes it excellent for readers in any respect degrees, from undergraduates to specialist historians."Alfred W. McCoy, writer of The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity within the worldwide Drug alternate
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Extra info for The Phoenix Program
Park's cousin Colonel 39 Kim Chong Pil was director of the ROK [Republic of Korea] CIA. " Here it is worth pausing for a moment to explain that in recruiting cadres for the Korean CIA, the CIA used the same method it used to staff the Vietnamese CIO. As revealed by John Marks in The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, the CIA sent its top psychologist, John Winne, to Seoul to "select the initial cadre" using a CIAdeveloped psychological assessment test. " CIA psychologists "gave the tests to 25 to 30 police and military officers," Marks writes, "and wrote up a half-page report on each, listing their strengths and weaknesses.
At a signal, all the lights except one focused on Captain Mai went out, and the recruits stripped off their white shirts and dark trousers. " Whipped into an ideological fervor, the CIA's political cadres were then sent into villages to spread democratic values and undermine the infrastructure. "It's a GVN presence that's really comprised of your own people that have, by God, gone off and been washed in the blood of the lamb. They've been trained and they've seen the light," Donohue palavered. 35 "They spoke the local dialect, and they're there to defend and focus people on their own defense, to try to enlist the people into doing something positive.
37 Indeed, with the creation of Vung Tau and the synthetic Revolutionary Development Cadre program, South Vietnam began slouching toward democracy. But it was an empty gesture. The rule in South Vietnam was one step forward followed by two steps back. CHAPTER 5: PICs "A census, if properly made and exploited, is a basic source of intelligence. "  As counterinsurgency expert David Galula notes above, a census is an effective way of controlling large numbers of persons. Thus, while CIA paramilitary officers used Census Grievance to gather intelligence in VCcontrolled villages, CIA police advisers were conducting a census program of their own.